Multistability

From Mathematics of Reaction Networks
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A chemical reaction network \mathcal{N} = (\mathcal{S},\mathcal{C},\mathcal{R}) endowed with some kinetic scheme is said to exhibit multistability or multistationarity if there exist multiple positive chemical concentration vectors \vec{c}_1, \ldots, \vec{c}_p \in \mathbb{R}_{>0}^m such that \Gamma \vec{R}(t,\vec{c}_i) = 0.

Multistability is an important topic in the application of chemical reaction network theory because it is believed to be the phenomenon underlying many biochemical switches.

Multistationarity in mass action systems

References